Mausoleum of First Qin Emperor
Terracotta Army
Tomb of the First Qin Emperor locates in the eastern suburbs of Lintong County, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province. The spot was carefully chosen according to Fengshui (traditional Chinese geomancy). The Terracotta Warriors and Horses (Terracotta Army) is a collection of 8,099 life size Chinese terracotta figures of warriors, horses and other figures buried with the emperor near the mausoleum. The Terracotta Army was buried with the Emperor of Qin in 209-210 BC.

The tomb is the first and largest mausoleum of the emperors in Chinese history. The construction began in 246 BC and is believed to have taken 700,000 workers and craftsmen 36 years to complete. The complex was designed to reflect the urban plan of the capital. The terracotta figures of warriors and horses were arranged in battle formations, showing what the imperial guard should look like in those days. Columns of soldiers stand at the front, followed by war chariots at the back. The figures vary in height, according to their role, the tallest being the Generals.

A museum was built on site in 1975, coving 16,300 square meters, and was divided into three sections: No. 1 Pit, No. 2 Pit, and No.3 Pit. The Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor and Terra-Cotta Army was listed by UNESCO in 1987 as one of the world’s cultural heritages.
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